Bar set are typically used for anniversary and wedding bands. Each stone has a small gold (or whatever metal it is) bar in between each stone. This design is also heavily used on tennis or line bracelets
Bead settings are similar to pave settings. The ring is lined with small diamonds each with multiple beads around them to secure the diamond.
A Bezel setting has a small lip of gold that encircles the diamond 360° creating a metal rim. These are probably the most secure setting but you do lose a little of your diamonds size as it is hidden under the bezel.
Cathedral settings are a raised setting with diamond sitting higher than the band it is sitting on making the center stone the most prominent part of the ring.
Channel setting uses a small rim of gold around the top and bottom of the diamonds and placing the diamond flush against each other tightly to use the rim and the tension to secure the diamonds.
Cluster settings use multiple smaller diamonds mounted snuggley together for the appearance of a single large diamond. Most cluster setting rings look like a flower pattern.
A fishtail setting offers a vintage look with small diamonds lining the band with V cutouts to make the diamonds appear larger.
While made almost exactly like a channel set, flush setting raise the diamonds so they are flush with the band they are set in.
Currently the most in demand settings for enagament rings, the halo setting has smaller accent diamonds than encircle the center diamond. Most halo setting also have small accent diamonds that run down the sides of the band.
Knife Edge Setting:
Knife edge settings incorporate a band that tapers down to a sharp edge (not sharp enough to cut you) to give the setting a sleek look that is perfect to pair with other designs.
A pave setting features a lot of small diamond embedded into the band at different angles to spread out the sparkle effect of the diamond. The one down side to pave setting is resizing them can be difficult.
Side Stone Setting:
Side stone setting use a large center stone with slightly smaller stones set to each side. An example of a side stone setting would be the classic 3 stone ring.
The solitaire setting is just that. A simple band with a single larger diamond in the center. This is the most classic style for engagement rings and is still a widely used style to this day.
Split setting is when the band splits near the center diamond forming a V and can compliment several stone shapes and sizes. The split portion is versatile and can twist or be adorned with small diamond or colored stones.
Tension setting is a modern look doing away with the prongs so almost the entire diamond is visible. Tension and minuscule grooves hold the diamond in place.
Two twisting strands form the band. Twists can be tight or wide. This style is becoming increasing more popular.
VIntage setting feature intricate detail work. Many Vintage settings have an art deco look. These are an extremely popular design.